日本ご absolute beginners Japanese! Alphabet and pronunciation

Before I write about learning words in Hiragana I thought it would be good to learn the very basics. To start Japanese has a few alphabets. First they have hiragana which is what I would call their main alphabet, then katakana which is used to write foreign words that the Japanese adapted, also the hardest of all is kanji because their are so many characters to memorize. Kanji are characters from china that kept most the same meaning but are used with the Japanese language. The average Japanese person knows about 2000 kanji to understand written things. I’m on about 50, so I have quite a ways to go, though my goal is only 1000. Last but not least is romaji which is romanized characters. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiragana

Some useful links for study…

http://learnthekana.com/the-hiragana-chart/

http://www.digitaldialects.com/Japanese.htm

http://www.textfugu.com/

Here’s some basic sounds…

     あ-a ah as in hot
     い-i ee as in meet
     う-u oo as in food
     え-e eh as in the name Ed
     お-o oh as in oat

し- shi as in she

-tsu as in t plus the name sue

じ-ji as in jeep

ふ-fu as in food

Also common letter combinations you come across isあいai as in I, えいei as in hey, おいoi as in toy, and おうou which gives it a longer oh sound.

あ      い      う     え     お

a         i        u        e       o

か     き     く     け     こ

ka     ki     ku     ke     ko

さ     し     す     せ     そ

sa    shi     su     se     so

た     ち     つ      て     と

ta     chi     tsu     te     to

な     に     ぬ     ね     の

na     ni     nu     ne    no

は     ひ     ふ     へ     ほ

ha     hi     fu     he     ho

ま      み     む     め     も

ma    mi    mu    me    mo

や              ゆ              よ

ya              yu             yo

ら     り     る     れ     ろ

ra     ri     ru     re     ro

わ              ん             を

wa              n             wo

So these are the basics of hiragana. Also there is a thing called ten-ten that is added to the k,s,t, h groups that change the first letter to those groupings. They look like quotation marks.

が ぎ ぐ げ ご

ga     gi     gu    ge    go

ざ じ ず ぜ ぞ

za     ji      zu     ze     zo

だ ぢ づ で ど

da     ji      zu     de     do

ば び ぶ べ ぼ

ba     bi     bu    be    bo

Last is a circle that is added to the h group to make p sounds. These are called maru.

ぱ     ぴ     ぷ     ぺ     ぽ

pa     pi      pu     pe     po

I placed this chart below to make it less confusing with the combo hiragana. Also I placed a link under this photo to the site this image is from. It has a lot of useful tools for learning Japanese.

http://www.textfugu.com/


Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 354 other followers

%d bloggers like this: